Orthodontic treatment is the design and use of corrective appliances (such as braces, plates, headgears and functional appliances) to bring the teeth and jaws into proper alignment. It can also help to look after the long-term health of the teeth, gums and jaw joints, by spreading the biting pressure over all the teeth.

Who should go for Orthodontics treatment?

  • Gaps between the teeth
  • Improper teeth alignment
  • Crooked teeth
  • No proper oral function
  • Excessive wear



At what age should I have orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontic treatment is generally best carried out in children, but adults can have orthodontic treatment too. Age is less important than having the proper number of teeth. In children it may be necessary to wait for enough teeth to come through before starting treatment. Formerly, adults who chose to have orthodontic treatment faced some amount of ridicule, but now with celebrities like Tom Cruise fixing their smile with braces, the stigma has all, but disappeared. In fact, it’s not uncommon to find parents getting fitted with dental braces at the same time that their children are. Although dental braces for adults are becoming more popular, the treatment procedure varies significantly than the one for children.
In children, the treatment is easier and less time consuming, because the permanent teeth have just emerged, and the jaw is still in the process of development. However, in an adult, who has a fully developed mouth and a full set of teeth, orthodontic treatment may present significant challenges. Plus, adults are more likely to suffer from years of plaque accumulation, gum disease and other oral health problems that have to be addressed before any braces can be fitted

What does it involve?

The most important thing is to have a full examination. This will usually involve looking at your teeth, taking x-rays and making plaster models of your teeth.

Will I need to have teeth taken out to make room?

You may not have enough room for all your permanent teeth and so it may be necessary to take out some permanent teeth to make space. Your dentist will tell you whether this is the case. Sometimes space can be created using other forms of treatment.

How is treatment carried out?

Orthodontic treatment can be done by many sorts of appliances, which most people know as ‘braces’.
The treatment time depends upon on extent of the problem varying from 9 months to 2 years.

Which type of braces should you choose? Can you choose, or is it strictly up to your dentist

The type of braces you get depends on a number of factors: The extent of your treatment, such as:

  • The severity of your bite or tooth crookedness problems
  • If extractions are necessary
  • If jaw surgery is necessary
  • If headgear or other special appliances are necessary
  • The amount of time you will need to wear braces
  • The preferences of your dentist or orthodontist
  • How much you are willing to pay
  • How long you will be in braces to correct your problem
  • What you, yourself desire.

Types of Brackets


  1. Ceramic brackets:-Ceramic brackets are made of composite materials. They are very strong and generally do not stain. Adults like to choose ceramic because they “blend in” with the teeth and are less noticeable than metal.
  1. Metal brackets:-Metal brackets can be silver or golden. The golden brackets look a bit more “jewellery-like” and are often a popular choice with young women. Metal brackets are very strong and can withstand most types of treatment. At first they may irritate your gums, but after a few weeks, when your cheeks get “toughened up” they are not a problem anymore. Most traditional metal braces require an elastic o-shaped rubber band, called a ligature to hold the arch wire onto the bracket. Sometimes orthodontists use metal tie wires (little wires which are twisted around the bracket) in place of elastic ligatures.
  1. Invisalign Braces:-Invisalign braces are great for people who do not have severe problems. The “braces” consist of strong plastic trays that are fabricated especially for you. They are indeed invisible. If your bite is not severely off and your teeth are not severely crooked, then Invisalign would be a good choice. You would be able to get your teeth straightened without anyone seeing that you are wearing “braces”! This appeals to many adults, especially people who wore traditional braces as children and then need more treatment later in life. However, if your bite is very bad, if you need extractions or require headgear or other appliances, then Invisalign will not work for you; you will need to wear traditional braces.
  1. Lingual braces:-Lingual braces are placed behind your teeth, and are therefore virtually invisible to other people. Usually, lingual brackets are made of metal.


  • You will keep your teeth clean during treatment. You will have to brush your teeth after every meal.
  • You will do your best to keep your braces intact.
  • You will do your best to follow all the instructions given by the doctor.
  • You will strive not to miss your appointments.

Failure to accept these responsibilities may lengthen your treatment, make it difficult to get a good result.


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